Oral Food Poisoning- Its Symptoms, Causes and Prevention
Illness can be caught from any cause, but when we talk about oral food poisoning, it’s a disease caused due to the consumption of contaminated food containing bacteria, parasites or the mixing of harmful chemicals in the food you consume. Some of the common pathogens which are the major cause of this disease include salmonella, campylobacter and staphylococcus aureus.
Indications and Signs of Oral Food Poisoning:
The signs and indications of the cause of food poisoning varies in various directions including the combinations of abdominal pains etc.
- Stomach aches:
One of the most severe and inflammatory pain is at the abdominal section. The abdominal muscles are cramped up and it can cause electrolyte loss.
One of the most alerting symptoms is nausea.
Due to the consumption of bad food, you can become the prey of diarrhea. This is an alarming indication of food poisoning. It lasts for at least 2 weeks.
A person suffering from oral food poisoning gets severe headaches various times in a day. This can cause a great damage to the health of an individual and in some severe cases it can become life threatening too.
A person suffering from food poisoning experiences an infection in the GI tract, which results in high fever. This is a situation when you need to get a proper checkup.
- Changes in stool:
An individual suffering from this illness has several changes in the stool. Mucous and sometimes blood comes in the stool. You might also see intestinal or colonic mucosa.
Symptoms of arthritis are seen with Salmonella, and Yersinia infections.
These issues arise due to giardiasis and its signs lead to oral food poisoning.
Other Symptoms and Issues Due to Food Poisoning:
There are many other issues which are caused due to food poisoning which can be life threatening and sometimes it can lead to permanent disability or death. There are many cases of death caused by oral food poisoning so you should not take it lightly.
Identification and Diagnosis
General findings are diagnosed by examining the patients who are a victim of food poisoning and are observing severe dehydration. The indications include the following:
An individual suffering from such a disease has a dry mouth and some less axillary sweet and decreased discharge of urine.
Talking about more depletion leads to orthostasis, hypertension and tachycardia. You also experience vomiting.
Salmonella typhi infections arises in the upper abdominal area and it can also lead to hepatosplenomegaly.
People who are suffering from oral food poisoning also fell prey of life threatening diseases which include Erythema nodosum and exudative pharyngitis.
V alginolyticus and Vibro vulnificus:
These diseases are the symptoms of food poisoning and they further result in harmful diseases likes otitis media and cellulitis. An individual who is suffering from food poisoning must get his rectal examination for visualizing the stool and also test the occult blood and palpate the rectal mucosa.
If you are looking forward to get a routine laboratory test, then be quick. It help you access the inflammatory response and the degree of hydration. There is a list of tests which you are supposed to perform. Here are some of them:
- CBC (Complete Blood Count) with differential
- Assessment of serum electrolyte
- Assessment of creatinine levels and BUN
- Staining of stool Gram
- WBC staining (leoffler methylene blue)
- Stool examination for the detection of ova and parasites
- Bacterial culture examination for the identification of enteric pathogens
- C difficile assay for the antibiotic associated diarrhea
A person who is suffering from oral food poisoning must obtain upright abdominal and flat abdominal radiographs. These results let the doctor identify if the patient is experiencing bloating or any other type of obstructive symptom.
While you are going through a stool examining process, you need to perform the following procedures:
- Sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy with biopsy
- EGD with duodenal aspirate and biopsy
There are many food borne diseases which do not require any particular treatment because they are mild. But at the same time there are many people who are suffering from severe diseases which requires the patient to be hospitalized immediately so that they can be treated accordingly. Therefore, don’t take good poisoning lightly, thinking it will be over soon.
The basic aim to manage patients who are suffering from food poisoning is a process to rehydrate them and treat them with the electrolyte supplementation so that they can be treated immediately to avoid any further major illness.
The patients who are suffering from food poisoning should avoid the intake of dairy products and the food which contain lactose. If any individual intakes it then disaccharides deficiency redevelops due to the washing out of the brush border enzymes.
There are many medications which can be taken for the treatment of these patients who are suffering from food poisoning. These medications include the following:
- Anti-secretory agents
Prevention and Precautions:
We all are well aware of the fact that prevention is better than cure. So we should prevent from eating food which case infectious. Here is a routine that you must adopt:
- Exercise and follow a strict individual hygiene
- Cook all foods well
- Avoid cross- impurity of cooked and raw foods
- Keep all foods at appropriate temperatures
Causes of Food Poisoning:
Basically the main cause of poisoning is that it’s a condition which is usually caused by the ingesting of food that is contaminated with bacteria. Toxins are produced by these bacteria that cause harm to the human body. The human body has an in-built system in the stomach which prohibits the growth bacteria. In certain cases, people ingest huge quantities of bacterium, which becomes the root cause of illness. The basic reason of ending up in this problem is eating food which is prepared in unsanitary conditions.
Treating Patients Suffering from Food Poisoning:
The treatment of patients who are suffering from food poisoning is simple. The patient will get a prescription provided by the physician. The medicines prescribed in it would help control the illness gradually but not rapidly. It takes about 2 weeks to recover from oral food poisoning. Usually, the patient suffering from this illness also gets fever, vomiting and diarrhea. So, in order to control these kinds of attacks, the physicians recommend certain antibiotics.
If the patient does not feel better even after taking the prescribed medicines, In that case, the physician would suggest some tests which the patient has to get done. On the basis of the results of these tests, the physician starts further treatment. Until then, the patient is suggested to follow the prior medicines which were prescribed by the physician. Usually, the tests include stool sample test and CBC. The CBC test is taken out because it identifies the presence of infection in the body. On the other hand, the stool sample test helps in identifying the exact cause of food poisoning.
There are some common precautions that the physician would take. Most of the time the patients are prescribed to take rehydration agents and drink plenty of water. This is meant for rehydrating the body but at the same time would also help in flushing the toxins out of your body faster.
Oral food poisoning is cured by ORS which is considered to be an important part of the treatment. The person suffering from food poisoning would also have diarrhea and frequent vomiting. This way the patient not only loses water from the body but also a great amount of salts and minerals which are necessary for the proper functioning of the human body. Such a rapid loss of nutrients can result in a shutdown the human body’s basic functions. If you are suffering from such a situation then you need to get the rehydrating agents which can be easily bought from the market. The procedure to intake these re-hydrants is simple, you just need to add 1 liter of water and stir the solution and then drink it. You can also go for a home remedy to rapidly overcome this situation such as drinking fresh lime. Add a little amount of sugar and coconut water to it. This would boost up the water level in your body. This is an effective method to overcome this kind of situation.
Problems Caused by Food Poisoning
We are all well aware of the fact that if a patient who is suffering from food poisoning is left untreated then it can cause severe dehydration. The patient could fell prey of Haemolytic ureamic. This is such a condition in which the body falls short of supply of water. It causes urea which can ultimate result in kidney failure. In some of the worst case scenarios the patients who are left untreated can end up having reactive arthritis. In this condition, the joints of the patient become inflamed because of gastrointestinal infections. In some of the worst cases the patients also get pericarditis. In this situation, the heart’s outer most layer gets infected, which can cause death too.
What you are supposed to do?
Oral food poisoning can be avoided easily. You just have to take come precautionary measures for this purpose. Here are some of them:
- Wash your hands before each meal
- Always eat healthy and fully cooked food in the sanitary conditions
- Avoid eating leftovers which are 2 days old
- In case you have a cook in your house then you must make sure that he washes his hands before cooking and uses clean utensils and food materials before cooking.
- Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables which are sold on the streets openly.
- Make sure that you eat food which is washed by filtered water. Organisms can still survive even after the food has been cooked so be extra careful.
- Eggs and meat must be fully cooked. These are the carriers of bacteria which infect the stomach and can cause food poisoning.
- Make sure that you wash your hands as thoroughly as you can by using the best antibacterial soap once you are done using the toilet. It is extremely necessary because the taps, door handles and other toilet surfaces can have three times more bacteria as compared to the toilet seat.
There were some tips for curing oral food poisoning at home. Most of the time the person who gets infected with this diseases is suggested to consumer as much water as possible. You can also get a balanced electrolyte solutions such as Pedialyte which is enough for treating this disease. This solution replenishes the body with fluids and recovers the lost water and salts and other necessary minerals in the body. The infected person can lose a great amount of fluid with each diarrheal movement and the essential fluids are released. For this purpose, Pedialyte solution is the best thing to take first. It would rehydrate the body and stop the diarrheal movements. People who are suffering from dehydration are advised to take these solutions. If this does not help then you are advised to get a full fledge checkup from the doctor. Then you have to follow and take the medicines which are prescribed by the doctor. Most of the time this disease is cured by taking the prescribed medicines but there are some worst cases in which the patient does not recover. If his/her conditions get worst, then the doctors suggest to get some tests done for diagnosing the exact cause. A combined dose of antibiotics is prescribed by the doctor and the patient is advised to complete the medication course. Then again he/she has to get a checkup at the medical center so that it could be examined that they have recovered or not. So if you feel like you have any of the symptoms mentioned above or you already know that you have become the victim then follow the measures described. You will regain your health soon. Don’t delay, in case it is getting worse, then visit the doctor soon. There is a cure for everything and so is this problem.
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